1860 – The first successful Pony Express run from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, begins.
1865 – Union forces capture Richmond, Virginia, the capital of the Confederate States of America.
1882 – Robert Ford kills Jesse James.
1895 – The trial in the libel case brought by Oscar Wilde begins, eventually resulting in his imprisonment on charges of homosexuality.
1922 – Joseph Stalin becomes the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1948 – President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan, authorizing $5 billion in aid for 16 countries.
1955 – The ACLU announces it will defend Alan Ginsberg’s book Howl against obscenity charges.
1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech.
1996 – Suspected “Unabomber” Theodore Kaczynski is captured at his Montana cabin.
2008 – Texas law enforcement cordons off the FLDS’s YFZ Ranch. Eventually, 533 women and children will be taken into state custody.
2010 – Apple released the first generation iPad.