1885 – President Ulysses S. Grant dies of throat cancer.
1903 – The Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
1962 – Telstar relays the first publicly transmitted, live trans-Atlantic television program, featuring Walter Cronkite.
1962 – Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
1967 – Detroit riots: One of the worst riots in U.S. history begins in the predominantly African American inner city. Ultimately, 43 people are killed, 342 injured and 1,400 buildings are burned.
1973 – Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox served subpoenas on the White House after President Richard Nixon refused to turn over requested tapes and documents.
1999 – Eileen Collins becomes the first female space shuttle commander on the Space Shuttle Columbia.