1787 – The first draft of the proposed Constitution of the United States is debated in Philadelphia.
1890 – The first-ever execution by electric chair is carried out in a New York prison. A man convicted of killing his lover with an axe is executed.
1911 – Lucille Ball is born in Jamestown, New York. She becomes one of America’s most beloved comic actresses.
1945 – The U.S. bomber Enola Gay drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, killing about 80,000 people and effectively ending WWII.
1965 – Pres. Lyndon Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, guaranteeing African Americans the right to vote.