1784 – Grigory Shelikhov, a Russian fur trader, founded the first permanent Russian settlement in Alaska on Kodiak Island.
1848 – The Oregon territory is organized by an act of Congress.
1893 – France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration.
1912 – U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after Jose Santos Zelaya had resigned three years earlier.
1935 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act.
1945 – Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II.
1975 – The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opens in London.