Today in history – August 14

1784 – Grigory Shelikhov, a Russian fur trader, founded the first permanent Russian settlement in Alaska on Kodiak Island.

1848 – The Oregon territory is organized by an act of Congress.

1893 – France becomes the first country to introduce motor vehicle registration.

1912 – U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua to support the U.S.-backed government installed there after Jose Santos Zelaya had resigned three years earlier.

1935 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act.

1945 – Japan accepts the Allied terms of surrender in World War II.

1975 – The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opens in London.