Today in history – August 19

1934 – A plebiscite in Germany approved the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler as Fuhrer.

1960 – U-2 spy plane pilot Gary Powers was convicted in a Moscow court and sentenced to 10 years in prison. He was released 18 months later in exchange for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.

1991 – a coup orchestrated by hard-line Communists and led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev removed Mikhail Gorbachev as president of the Soviet Union. The coup would endure for three days before being put down.

2004 – Internet search engine Google went public.