Today in history – September 19, 2019

1778 – The Continental Congress passes the first United States federal budget.

1796 – George Washington’s Farewell Address is printed across America as an open letter to the public.

1881 – President James A. Garfield died of wounds inflicted by an assassin more than two months earlier. Vice President Chester A. Arthur becomes President upon Garfield’s death.

1982 – Emoticons were born when Carnegie Mellon University professor Scott Fahlman proposed using a colon followed by a hyphen and a parenthesis – 🙂 – to depict a horizontal smiley face.

1985 – Tipper Gore and other political wives form the Parents Music Resource Center as Frank Zappa and other musicians testify at Congressional hearings on obscenity in rock music.

1995The Washington Post and The New York Times publish the Unabomber’s manifesto.

2008 – The Bush administration asked Congress for $700 billion to buy up troubled mortgage-related assets from U.S. financial institutions.