1712 – The New York Slave Revolt of 1712 begins near Broadway.
1808 – John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company that would eventually make him America’s first millionaire.
1830 – Church of Christ, the original church of the Latter Day Saint movement, is organized by Joseph Smith and others at either Fayette or Manchester, New York.
1841 – President John Tyler is sworn in, two days after having become President upon William Henry Harrison’s death.
1862 – The Battle of Shiloh begins: In Tennessee, forces under Union General Ulysses S. Grant meet Confederate troops led by General Albert Sidney Johnston.
1893 – The Salt Lake Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is dedicated by Wilford Woodruff.
1896 – The first modern Olympics formally opened in Athens, Greece.
1909 – Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reach the North Pole.
1917 – The United States declares war on Germany in World War I.
1968 – Federal troops and National Guardsmen were deployed in Washington, Chicago, and Detroit as rioting continued over the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.