1829 – Joseph Smith commences translation of the Book of Mormon, with Oliver Cowdery as his scribe.
1862 – Union forces led by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant defeated the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee.
1922 – Under the direction Secretary of the Interior Albert Bacon Fall, petroleum reserves at Wyoming’s Teapot Dome Oil Field were leased without competitive bidding to private companies. A Senate investigation ensued, leading to a bribery case that would become known as the Teapot Dome scandal.
1969 – The Supreme Court unanimously struck down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material.
1990 – Former national security adviser John M. Poindexter was convicted of five counts at his Iran-Contra trial. (A federal appeals court later reversed the convictions.)