1814 – On the second day of the burning of Washington, British troops torched the Library of Congress, United States Secretary, Department of War, and other buildings.
1916 – The National Park Service is created.
1944 – Paris is liberated by the Allies.
1948 – The House Un-American Activities Committee holds first-ever televised congressional hearing.
1950 – President Harry Truman orders the U.S. Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to prevent a strike.
2012 – Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so.