1912 – Presidential candidate Theodore Roosevelt is wounded by a gunman before a campaign speech in Milwaukee, Wisc. He recovers, but is defeated by Democrat Woodrow Wilson.
1947 – U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager becomes the first person to break the sound barrier, flying an X-1 rocket plane over Rogers Dry Lake in California, reaching a speed of 662 mph.
1957 – “Wake Up Little Susie” becomes the Everly Brothers’ first No. 1 hit.
1964 – Civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America.