On This Day in History Dec. 1, 2020

1824 – The presidential election goes to the House of Representatives as no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes. John Quincy Adams is selected president by the House over Andrew Jackson and William H. Crawford. But four years later, in 1828, Jackson defeats Adams and wins the presidency.

1913 – Henry Ford starts up his first moving assembly line for the mass production of an entire automobile, the Model T. His innovation reduces the time to build a car from more than 12 hours to one hour and 33 minutes.

1955 – Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man and is jailed. A young Baptist minister named Martin Luther King organizes a bus boycott following Park’s historic act of civil disobedience. She becomes known as the “mother of the civil rights movement.”

1990 – Some 132 feet below the English Channel, workers drill an opening through a wall of rock to connect the two ends of the Chunnel linking Great Britain with the European mainland.