On This Day in History, Apr. 9, 2021

  • 1865 – Civil War Ends and the Black Hawk Indian War begins in Utah. It was the longest and most destructive conflict between pioneer immigrants and Native Americans in Utah History
  • 1917 – Irene Morgan Kirkaldy is born. She defied a bus driver in 1944 who ordered her to give up her seat and move to the segregated back then kicked the sheriff when arrested. Her actions led to a SCOTUS decision that outlawed segregated seating on interstate bus lines. She was awarded the Freedom Medal by President Clinton who said she “took the first step on a journey that would change America forever”
  • 1939 – Marian Anderson sings an Easter Sunday concert for more than 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial
  • 1945 – Anti-Nazi theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer is hanged at Flossenburg, only days before the American liberation of the POW camp.
  • 1959 – NASA introduces America’s first astronauts.
  • 1996 – The Equal Opportunity Employment Commission files a lawsuit on behalf of over 300 women who had been sexually harassed at the Mitsubishi Motors plant in Normal, Illinois.
  • 2003 – Baghdad falls to US forces
  • 2018 – Senator Tammy Duckworth becomes the first US Senator to give birth while in office.