1861 – George seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy.
1944 – The federal government relinquished control of the nation’s railroads after settling a wage dispute.
1966 – Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India.
1977 – President Gerald Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D’Aquino, who had been convicted of treason for her World War II Japanese propaganda broadcasts as “Tokyo Rose.”
2001 – In a deal sparing himself possible indictment, President Bill Clinton acknowledged for the first time making false statements under oath about Monica Lewinski; he also surrendered his law license for five years.
2010 – In a major upset, Republican Scott Brown captured the Senate seat held by Democrat Edward Kennedy for nearly half a century as he defeated Democrat Martha Coakley in a special election.