1858 – First telegraph line across the Atlantic Ocean is completed, led by U.S. businessman Cyrus West Field.
1914 – German assault on Liege, Belgium begins first battle of WW1.
1914 – World’s first electric traffic signal is installed in Cleveland.
1962 – Actress Marilyn Monroe is found dead in her L.A. home of apparent drug overdose.
1976 – NBA merges with rival American Basketball Association.
1981 – Pres. Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 air-traffic controllers after they go on strike.