1789 – Congress passed the First Judiciary Act, establishing the Supreme Court of the United States as a tribunal made up of six justices who were to serve on the court until death or retirement. The number of judges became nine in 1869.
1957 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent the 101st Airborne Division to Little Rock, Ark., to enforce the Supreme Court’s desegregation decision.
1959 – President Dwight Eisenhower and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev met at Camp David.
1960 – The USS Enterprise, the first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, was launched at Newport News, Va.
1968 – “60 Minutes” premiered on CBS.
1969 – The trial of the so-called Chicago 8, later to be known as the Chicago 7, began for eight men accused of taking part in anti-Vietnam War protests during the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Some of the accused were convicted, but all were overturned.