1765 – The Stamp Act Congress convened in New York to draw up colonial grievances against England.
1949 – Less than five months after Britain, the United States, and France established the Federal Republic of Germany in West Germany, the Democratic Republic of Germany (East Germany) was proclaimed within the Soviet occupation zone.
1963 – President John F. Kennedy signed the documents of ratification for a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.
1996 – Fox News Channel made its debut.
1998 – Matthew Shepard, a gay student at the University of Wyoming, is found tied to a fence after being beaten in Laramie, Wyoming. He died 5 days later.
2001 – The United States and Britain launched airstrikes against Taliban positions and Osama bin Laden’s training camps in Afghanistan; bin Laden praised God for the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in a videotaped statement aired on the Arabic satellite station Al-Jazeera.