Today in history – February 14, 2020

1778 – The U.S. flag is formally recognized by a foreign naval vessel for the first time when French Admiral Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte renders a nine-gun salute to the USS Ranger, commanded by John Paul Jones.

1849 – James Polk becomes the first sitting U.S. President to have his photograph taken.

1859 – Oregon is admitted as the 33rd state.

1876 – Alexander Graham Bell filed an application for a patent for the telephone. It was officially issued on March 7, 1876.

1899 – Voting machines are approved by Congress for use in federal elections.

1903 – The U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor is established. It would later be split into the Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor.

1912 – Arizona is admitted as the 48th state.

1920 – The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago.

1929 – The “St. Valentine’s Day Massacre” too place in Chicago. Seven people, six of them rivals of Al Capone’s gang, were murdered.

1980 – Walter Cronkite announced his retirement from the “CBS Evening News.”

2005 – YouTube is launched by a group of college students.

2018 – Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting: 17 people are killed and 15 others are injured in one of the deadliest school massacres in history.