1775 – Patrick Henry delivers his speech – “Give me liberty, or give me death!” – in Richmond, Virginia.
1933 – The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
1977 – The first of the Nixon Interviews (12 will be recorded over four weeks) are videotaped with British journalist David Frost interviewing former President Richard Nixon about the Watergate scandal.
1983 – The world’s first recipient of a permanent artificial heart, Barney Clark, died in a Salt Lake City hospital.
1983 – President Ronald Reagan called for the development of an anti-missile defense system to protect the U.S. from nuclear attacks. The Strategic Defense Initiative was dubbed “Star Wars.”