1620 – The Mayflower sails from Plymouth, England, bound for Virginia in the New World with 102 passengers, half religious dissenters and half entrepreneurs.
1893 – The largest land run in history begins with a single shot of a pistol as more than 100,000 people pour into the Cherokee Strip of Oklahoma to claim valuable land that once belonged to Native Americans.
1932 – In his cell at Yerwada Jail in Pune, Mohandas Gandhi begins a hunger strike in protest of the British government’s decision to separate India’s electoral system by caste. Gandhi spent much of his life in passive resistance, campaigning for Indian home rule.
2013 – 34-year-old Aaron Alexis goes on a rampage at the Navy Yard in Washington, D.C., killing 12 people and wounding several others before he is fatally shot by police.